Paco: Does Paco have any close friends?


In this topic we are going to continue studying the Present Simple versus the Present Continuous in the interrogative forms, as well as affirmative and negative structures.

In the second place, we are going to practice the rising intonation we can find in questions.

Finally, we will learn some vocabulary related to leisure activities.

Let's begin.

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Does Paco have any close friends?

Paco's friends
By Milivoj Sherrington. Creative Commons

Yes, indeed. Paco has got a lot of friends. Some of them are only friends, but others are really very close friends. Andrés and Alex are two of his best friends.

What does Paco do with his friends?

Paco usually plays tennis with Andrés on Wednesdays. He also plays football with both Andrés and Alex at weekends. The three of them play in the same team. They play in different positions, since Paco is a defender, Andrés plays as a midfield player and Alex usually plays as a center forward.

But what about girls? Does Paco have any female close friends?

Well, Paco is a bit shy with girls. He has some female friends but their relationship is different from boys. Anyway, Mónica and Marta are very good friends of Paco.

Are they meeting together? Yes, they are. Paco, Alex, Andrés, Mónica and Marta are meeting now for a drink in a popular pub.

Can you recognize a couple of interrogative forms in the Present Simple Tense and one in the Present Continuous Tense? Sure you can.

Questions in English sometimes start with an interrogative pronoun. Watch the following video by click on the picture below and remember some of them before going on with the interrogative forms in the Present Simple and the Present Continuous Tenses.

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Is there any difference between umpire and referee?

Strike one.
By Alyson Hurt. Creative Commons.

Umpire comes from the Middle English word noumpere, which derives from the Old French nomper, that meant 'different, odd'. The idea was that the umpire was at a different level and he was an impartial authority in legal disputes (nowadays, the legal term arbitrator is used with this meaning.)

Football referee.
By David Ingham. C. Commons
The word umpire was later associated to the person who controls that the rules of a sport are followed correctly. He has the same functions as a referee, but he's called umpire in badminton, baseball, cricket and tennis.

The word referee was originally used in 1621 to refer to someone appointed by the British Parliament to examine patent applications. It is formed from the verb "to refer" followed by the suffix -ee. In 1690 the word was used to make reference to an arbitrator in a dispute. Much later, by 1840 it started to be used in sports to refer to the judge of play, as it is used nowadays.

First of all, we are going through the interrogative pattern in the Present Simple Tense in English.